Friday, December 2, 2016

Taste testing my broad beans

This season I grew 9 varieties of broad beans. I would have grown more but I didn't have room for them all without risk of cross pollinating. I only had a few seeds of most of the varieties as they are very rare in Aus but even though the winter and spring were so wet and boggy I only lost two types. It is a loss but it could have been worse.

I have a few more new varieties that I will try this coming autumn.

I decided to taste test them this morning to see what sort of flavour range they have. I didn't cook any of the new varieties as immature beans as with the poor weather I couldn't risk even a single seed until I knew I had enough to replant next season.

Last night I placed three dried seeds of each in a muffin tin (separating of course) and covered with boiling water, then set them aside overnight to soften. This morning I cooked them one type at a time and tasted them. I placed the three seeds in a bowl and microwaved them for 1 minute with a few spoons of water. Of course, if you were cooking more you would cook them for longer, but only till just tender and definitely not till they are mushy unless making dip with them.
I then peeled them - I find them easier to peel after cooking than just after soaking. Young, immature beans do not need peeling no matter what websites or books say. If the skin is tough then they have been picked to old, and peeling wastes time, energy and food.

Here is the results, remembering that my taste buds are not very sensitive, and I prefer food on the bland and sweet side:

CRIMSON FLOWERED

This has been my favourite variety up until now. It has an unusual fruity flavour quite unlike any other broad bean when eaten raw or cooked.

I love them raw as an immature bean in salads or as they are, and they are also as yummy cooked as an immature or dried bean. The downside is the small size makes them a pain to peel.

CUSCAN YELLOW

New for this year. This broad bean is highly productive and a good grower. It did not suffer from chocolate spot even with the wet weather.

The beans are distinctly yellow in colour and a good size. It has a mild and slightly nutty flavour.


GIPPSLAND GIANT

 This bean is a tall grower and produces large beans containing large seeds. It has a very mild, almost bland flavour, good for adding to dishes for bulk without changing the flavour of the dish.

The large beans are a pleasure to peel.







GRANO WHITE

The dried beans are whiter than these in the pic which were photographed before they were totally dried.
This was another new one. The flavour was very bland and the seeds were less starchy in texture than any of the others.
I liked it but it was nothing special.





MOROCCO

This plant has big pods like Gippsland Giant but the seeds are smaller.

Another new one for this season. This one was a surprise with an outstanding flavour, nutty and sweet. This was my favourite for flavour. Only three plants survived so I am glad I got some seeds to plant next year.




I know I said that I only grew 9 varieties but I found that some of my Stone Ear variety must have been cross pollinated with a purple variety so I thought I would trial it just if case it had different qualities.

The flavour and texture turned out to be no different than 'normal' stone ear seeds. Mild.






SENORITAS HAT

Another new one for this season. Senoritas hat did not grow well for me but even though the plants struggles they did produce enough seeds to grow next year.
The flavour is very mild, almost bland.







STONE EAR

This amazing coloured broad bean also struggled but still produced well on the poor little plants.

It has a mild, starchy flavour, similar to otehr broad beans but it is still worth growing just to look at the seeds.





VIOLETTA

This is a very productive and early broad bean that produces small, dark purple when mature beans.
When immature the beans are a little bitter. People in most countries outside Australia nd the US prefer their broad beans on the bitter side with the extra flavour that comes with it. This is the only bitter variety I grow, though only slightly so.

When cooked and peeled they lose the bitterness but are still too small to be pleasant to peel.




WITKIEM MANITA

This one is also new this year. I was blown away with the delicious flavour which was mild and nutty. White broad beans do not have the bitterness that darker varieties often have so are preferred in the US particularly.

This is a strong plant but they did suffer from a fungal disease that looks very similar to Bacterial Brown Spot. I had to send a couple of affected beans away to get them tested to make sure.



All in all, my favourites for this season were - Witkiem Manita, Crimson Flowered and Morocco, but none of them were unpleasant to eat.
There are so many great ways of cooking them (and they are very nutritious) that broad beans should be in an food garden over the winter. I have to admit that up till two or three years ago I always assumed I hated them because I hate other beans. When I actually ate some (not overcooked) I realised just how delicious they are both raw and cooked.

They also make great green mulch which adds nitrogen to the soil. Unlike other legumes, broad beans continue producing nitrogen nodules on the roots right up until they die down so they are very good for the garden.















Tuesday, November 29, 2016

Selecting lettuces, Island Gems variety, and potato seedlings

Today I decided to do some rogueing and selecting of a half row of Island Gem lettuces. I don't usually grow lettuces but I liked the look of these so much that I decided to give them a go.
They are a one serve heading lettuce in greens and spots.

I was disappointed in how uneven the plants are, some produced heads and some didn't. I am looking for a pretty heading lettuce with a firm heart and crisp texture.

Unfortunately these lettuces tend to be buttery instead of crisp but I will have to cope with that.

First I went through and pulled out any that did not produce heads, then went through again, tasting each one, and pulling out any that were bitter.
I ended up pulling out about 60% and will go through them again in a couple of weeks. By the end I will end up with about 30 plants that are closest to what I am after which I will then let go to seed.





 This is an example of the type of lettuce I am aiming for. Small enough to put on a plate whole, nice little heart, and pretty.

Island Gems is one of the lettuce blends from Wild Garden Seeds. They breed the most amazing lettuce varieties and I am always drooling when I visit their website.







I planted a few rhubarb seeds for something to do earlier and planted them out a couple of weeks ago. They are now going through their rapid growth stage and it is amazing to see how much they have grown every day when I look at them.
It doesn't look like much in this picture but when both small rows have mature plants in them I will post a better pic.

These are seedlings from my 'Red Rover' variety.












This boring picture is of a tray of true potato seedlings. It was a few days ago but today there are about 100 seedlings in this tray.
I am so excited as they are a mix of different colours and shapes and I have in mind trying to get a blend of golfball sized, multi coloured potato varieties that can be sold in large punnets for potato salads or boiled potatoes for restaurants.

I can't wait to start playing with them.



Friday, November 25, 2016

Garlic harvest, garlic grassy top, and nasturtiums

I know I complain about this every year but I just want to add more to my discussions on what I call 'Grassy Top' in garlic. For some reason I just can't find mention of this problem online or in books but I can't imagine it is limited to my garlic.


I have found that a few varieties of garlic (all hardnecks in my experience so far) will produce this before they are ready to harvest. It looks like grass growing out the top of the garlic stems.

It seems to be caused by the soil getting too wet in winter. My main culprit is Monaro Purple - shame because otherwise it is my favourite variety. Nearly all our rain falls for the year in two months - August and September, and that is when the garlic is putting on their main growth.


If you take off the outer wrappers you will see that it is actually the cloves that have started to shoot while the main plant is still growing.

Sometimes only a few plants will be affected, and sometimes nearly all. it seems to affect the biggest and most well grown/healthiest plants.

In severe cases you will see that the plant puts so much effort into the shooting cloves that the whole plant is stunted.
Also, there is often not much of a bulb as the cloves begin to fill out so there is not a marked difference between the stem and the bulb.
 Fortunately, the shooting cloves can still be dried and stored but with a reduction in the storage time to a couple of months or so. This does not bother me as I replant my garlic at Christmas time instead of waiting till autumn so they sit happily in the ground till the rain in autumn comes.

I have just finished my garlic harvest today and left one grassy top plant in the ground to see what it does over the next few months and into autumn. I think it will just go dormant naturally as it gets drier and hotter and then all the cloves will reshoot when the weather cools down.

The garlic harvest was just as bad as I expected but I did find that the Monaro Purple variety coped much better with the heavy weed competition that all the other varieties. I did completely lose a couple of varieties due to the weeds and wet.


The bulbs were small but I will have enough of this variety to replant for next year. I was banking on a good harvest and crop for sale but the winter destroyed that hope.

I will have to rebuy some bulbs of the other varieties when they come on the market.







On a happier note, the nasturtiums have had one of the best springs ever, they are looking magnificent.
I will have a lot of seed to offer and put in packets. There is already a lot of seed setting.










I have decided to change the picture on my nasturtium packets to this picture that I took today.


Monday, November 21, 2016

Broad beans and garlic

After a couple of hot days over 30c all the vegetables I have in the ground have really put on growth. I was away for the weekend at Ballarat markets and when I got back yesterday afternoon I was surprised at just how much difference that bit of heat made. The soil is still moist so heat was all the plants needed.
I am still resowing most of my cucubits and corn after a couple of very late frosts, and predation from earth mites, but the plants that have survived have taken off over the last couple of days. I just hope the frosts hold off a bit longer at the end of the season.


How beautiful are the seeds of this broad bean 'Stone Ear'. This year I put in a few new varieties but since I only had a dozen seeds of each and the wet whether killed some I didn't dare eat any of the seeds. Luckily it doesn't take long to build up stocks.
Next year I should be able to report on the eating quality of all the new ones, and possibly have a little seed for sale.

I have a few more varieties that didn't go in this year due to me not having enough room so I will have to juggle my varieties next season.

This seems to happen most years - if late winter is very wet some of the garlic varieties, especially Monaro Purple, start growing shoots out the top of the plant.
This is caused by the cloves growing as you can see here after I have removed the outer wrappers.

This problem is really annoying as it lessens the storage capabilities of the bulbs, and sales for them. It is more unfortunate because this is a particularly good eating variety.





Tuesday, November 15, 2016

Damn the magpies

A few days ago I went out to check on one of my blocks and found that magpies had gone around every bed of corn and pulled out every single seedling, Ggrrrr. I was going to replant but I figured that they would just do it again so I ended up planting other melons in those beds instead. The corn can wait til next year.
One of my neighbours feeds the magpies so I figure that they hang around the back block all day because they don't have to go and find food. They have nothing to do but play about and be naughty, just like bored teens.


 My pepinos are starting to set fruit now, wel the inside plants. The ones outside have taken a beating with Earth Mites and cold weather so are a bit behind.

I have a couple of seedling plants in this year. I know that the chances of getting something different with just a couple of seedlings is remote but I will try to germinate a lot more seed next year.

I was sent a few duck potato (Sagittaria latifolia) tubers some time ago. They have suffered from the cold and are just starting to leaf out now.
These are water plants that produce tubers that look like water chestnuts in winter.

I am hoping they taste good as they might be a better alternative to water chestnuts. They don't have to be peeled, which is a fiddly job with the water chestnuts.

One of my favourite brassicas is Purple Peacock broccoli. It is an all round plant as the small heads are eaten as well as the tender leaves.
I haven't grown it for a couple of years after I lost all my seed when they accidently got left out in an open container. I finally bought some more even though it cost me a heap of money for the packet.

The plant is quite striking with its purple veined leaves and is very ornamental.





Friday, November 11, 2016

Chinese toon tree and more

I am exhausted after nearly a week of hard work from dawn till dark. Since planting has been so late everything is having to go in at the same time. I am busy planting, weeding, digging and laying out new drip tube to extend my area under irrigation. The weather has been perfect and to top it off we are due to get a good amount of rain again on Sunday which will be perfect timing. It will wash the new lime into the newly dug beds.

 Last year I planted three Toona sinensis (Cedrela sinensis) trees from seed, also known as Chinese toon.
I know these can be aggressive suckering trees I will try to keep them under control with regular harvesting of the new shoots which are delicious.

The shoots are often used in Asian dishes, especially with eggs. Although websites say they taste like onion I don't find that. I think they have their own taste which is incomparable to anything else. I really enjoy nipping off a young leaf or two as I walk past to nibble on. The trees are still too young to take whole shoots but they should be bushy enough next spring if I trim them to force branching.







I know it is a very poor photo but this is a row of young Island Gems lettuce from Wild Garden Seed. So far I am very impressed with the colours and shape. These are a small, single serve crisphead lettuce that I think will become very popular, especially with people like me who are sick of large lettuces going off in the fridge when you can't eat them all in time.

I am really looking forward to eating some of these. So far the rabbits are leaving them alone so I should have a fair pick to choose those I want to save seed from.









My poor, poor garlic. When I planted them I was sure I was going to have a great harvest, but that was before all the wet where I couldn't weed them. The beds are totally covered in weeds and I can't do anything about it.

At least it looks like I will get enough to plant the same number of beds again next season, even though the bulbs will be small and with fewer cloves.

They are struggling valiantly and some are even strong enough to send up scapes.

They should be ready to harvest in about three weeks.


Monday, November 7, 2016

Pollinating melons and malabar spinach

After spending a couple of days at a friends open weekend showing off their eco friendly home and wildlife refuge I was back to digging and planting today. I put in a heap of corn and beans even though the weather is still cold at night. I am hoping that in about 7-10 days when they are germinating the nights will be warmer.


 We noticed a couple of days ago that the high winds a week  ago had almost pushed over this young gum tree that was shading our greenhouse. It is in a place we don't often go to so we didn't see it sooner - I don't know why it is not on the ground as the roots are pulled up and barely holding it. We are getting it pulled down in the next week as it is likely to fall on something important if we get more wind.

Too bad as it was handily shading the greenhouse and mum loved it.









I noticed last week that where I had planted the Malabar spinach last year was hundreds of young seedlings coming up. I really don't need this many so I will pot them up and take them to a market.
It looks like it could become a weed if not controlled, or if you don't harvest all the berries. Last year was the first time I had grown it so I didn't realise every left seed would grow.


I don't tend to like leafy greens but I did not that this plant was more pleasant than 'normal' spinach as it doesn't have any background bitterness.







With all the hand pollinating of melons I will be doing this year I decided to buy a heap of small brushes to do the job - I am just too rough with my fingers and end up damaging too many flowers. One for each variety.
I am hoping that using a brush might help with the setting ratio too.

I bought a heap of cheap toothbrush holders too protect the brushes so I can just leave them sitting next to each bed and there won't be any accidental cross pollinating.
Some of the brushes were too long but I just broke them off so they would fit in the holders.

I went out and used the brushes to pollinate some other flowers in the garden to make sure they hold pollen well - it was a complete success.

I already have the clips ready that I use to hold the flowers closed, and tags so I am all set for the onslaught.